Glossary

 

PRINTING DEFINITIONS

Bleed:
Printing that extends to the edge of a sheet or page after trimming.

CMYK :
Abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black), the four process
colors.

Commercial Printer:  Printer producing a wide range of products such as brochures,
booklets, magazines, forms, etc.

Cover Paper:
Category of thick paper used for products such as posters, menus, folders and
covers of paperback books.

Dots-per-inch: Measure
of resolution of devices such as scanners, display devices such as laser
printers, and monitors.

DPI:
“dots per square inch,” a measure of output resolution in relationship to
printers, imagesetters and monitors.

Dull Finish: Flat
(not glossy) finish on coated paper; slightly smoother than matte. Folder:
A bindery machine dedicated to folding printed materials.

Fold Marks: With
printed matter, markings indicating where a fold is to occur, usually located
at the top edges.

Four-color Process Printing: Technique of printing that uses black, magenta, cyan and yellow to
simulate full-color images.

Full web:
Press that prints from rolls of paper, then cuts into sheet. Prints 16 pages at
a time.

Gang Run:
To reproduce two or more different printed products simultaneously on one sheet
of paper during one press run.

Gloss:  Consider the light reflecting on various objects in the
printing industry (e.g., paper, ink, laminates, UV coating, varnish).

Graphics:
Visual elements that supplement type to make printed messages more clear or interesting.

Half web:
Press that prints from rolls of paper, then cuts into sheet. Prints 8 pages at
a time.

Inserts:
Within a publication, an additional item positioned into the publication loose
(not bound in).

Margin:
Imprinted space around the edge of the printed material.

Matte Finish:
Flat (not glossy) finish on photographic paper or coated printing paper.

News Print:
Paper used in printing newspapers. Considered low quality and “a short life
use.” Not commonly used for inserts.

PDF:
Adobe software that saves art designs in a “portable device format” suitable
for viewing and printing.

Perforating:
Creating a line of small dotted wholes for the purpose of tearing-off a part of
a printed matter.

Proof:
Test sheet made to reveal errors or flaws, predict results on how a printing
job is intended to appear when finished.

Quotation:
Price offered by a printer to produce a specific job.

RGB:
Abbreviation for red, green, blue, the additive color primaries. Used mostly
for electronic monitors, not printing.

Saddle Stitch:
To bind by stapling sheets together where they fold at the spine, as compared
to side stitch.

Tabloid:
Using a broadsheet as a measure, one half of a broadsheet.

Trim Size:
The size of the printed material in its finished stage (e.g., the finished trim
size is 5 1\2 x 8 1\2).

Uncoated Paper:
Paper that has not been coated with clay. Also called offset paper.

UV Coating:
Liquid applied to a printed sheet, then bonded and cured with ultraviolet
light.

Web Press:
Press that prints from rolls of paper, usually cutting it into sheets after
printing. Web
presses come in many sizes.

 

Web Press:
Press that prints from rolls of paper, usually cutting it into sheets after
printing. Web
presses come in many sizes.